Mahakali River Basin

The Mahakali River Basin lies to the westernmost border of Nepal originating from Api Himal within the Himalayas. Chamelia and Surnagad River are the main tributaries of Mahakali River basin in Nepal. This river starts from Lipulekh of Nepal and flows southward bordering Nepal. Different hydropower projects and dam construction have been undertaken in this river basin such as Sharda Barrage for irrigation installed along the India-Nepal border, the Mahakali irrigation project, and the Chameliya hydropower project. The Pancheshwor Multipurpose project, under progress in the Mahakali River Basin, is a mutual interest project between India and Nepal integrated with the Mahakali Treaty for the construction of a power house on each side of the Mahakali River. Conservation areas with high biodiversities, such as Suklaphanta National Park and Api-Nampa Conservation Area lies within the Mahakali River Basin boundary.